Ghana is steeped in rich history with colonial-era trading forts, mosques, cathedrals, and slave-trade routes. The historic sites you must experience when visiting Ghana include;
Paga Nania is a slave camp that started operating in 1704; it is among the historical sites in Ghana that receives a large number of visitors each year. This slave camp is situated in the northeast region of Ghana, but it looks abandoned these days. The site is in a bad situation with the remains of observation posts, grinding stones, and water trenches.
Statistics indicate that Ghana received approximately 500 million dollars from tourists visiting Paga Nania in 2008. Slave raiders used to go to Paga and all its surrounding communities to get slaves; this resulted in the establishment of slave camps in the area. The Ghanaian government should dedicate some money to renovate this site to make the place more appealing and attract many visitors.
Holy Trinity Cathedral
The Holy Trinity Cathedral is a castle-like and a vital segment of the Anglican Diocese of Accra. It was constructed in the 18th century but was officially made a cathedral during the 19th century. The Holy Trinity Cathedral is a place of worship and an important historic site in Ghana that attracts many tourists. One of the prominent features of this structure is the quadrilateral bell tower.
Salaga Slave Market
The Salaga Slave Market was a central trading route connecting the northern and southern Sahel. Salaga served as a way of transporting slaves to the coastal region of Ghana, ready to be exported to European nations. Due to conflict Salaga Slave market was abandoned in the late 18th century.
Salaga Slave market does not receive many tourists because of its poor topography; to access this, you will need a ferry through Yeji when coming from Kumasi. It is currently a significant trading route for agricultural commodities.
The Traditional Buildings of the Asante Kingdom
The Ashanti kingdom is a powerful empire that has been reigning since the 18th century. The kingdom controlled a significant region with huge gold deposits; they ruled a large area before the invasion of the Europeans.
Although a significant number of the historical Ashanti kingdom buildings were destroyed during the colonial era, this historic site still has thirteen ancient houses. The buildings are made of mud or clay walls and woven palm branch roofs. The existing structures built by the Asante Kingdom serve as cultural symbols in Southern Ghana.
Jamestown is the oldest historic site in the great Accra city. Jamestown is a famous tourist destination and one of Ghana’s most important historical sites. This town was already developed by the 19th century and has remarkable population growth today.
It is a useful fishing harbor in great Accra city. Lighthouse is the most prominent structure in Jamestown. The Jamestown lighthouse has a magnificent height of 28 meters. The lighthouse offers a fantastic bird’s eye view of the Bukom district, the Ussher Fort, and the James Fort.
Gwollu Slave Defense Wall
Gwollu is a small town in the Sissala West district in the Upper West area. It originated in the 19th century with the aim of protecting residents against slave raiders. This historical site indicates how human beings desperately fight for existence.
Gwollu Koro Limann constructed the town, but most of the walls are in ruins due to poor management and lack of development. There is only one surviving wall at the border of Gwollu town. The mausoleum of the former president, Hilla Limann (1979-1981), is in Gwollu town. Besides, Gwollu town is also a popular site because of other tourist attractions such as the crocodile pond and the traditional bone-setting clinic.